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About Egypt - Sites

The Nile
Descried as the Life Blood of Egypt, the Nile carves a channel straight though the largest desert area in the world. The farmed oasis formed by the Nile, is a strip of furtile land on each side of the river, running 900 km, between Cairo and Aswan.
One of the largest cities in Africa and home to more than 8 million people. A trip to Egypt is not complete without a visit to this sprawling metropolis along the banks of the river Nile. Browse in the Egyptian Museum or visit the Mosque of Mohammed Ali, Take a trip though the city to the pyramids of Giza and the massive Sphinx, the last survivor of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Egyptian Museum
The Egyptian Museum was built during the region of Khedive Abbass Helmi II in 1897 and opened its doors on November 15, 1902. Today, the museum contains the most important collection of Egyptian antiquities in the world. Exhibited are over 12.000 objects from the Pharaonic and Greco-Roman periods, including the celebrated mummies of ancient Egyptian kings and the treasures of king Tutankhamen. A special, Hidden Treasures exhibits in the museum's redesigned basement features more than 150 artifacts on display for the first time.
The Citadel
The Citadel, situated on a highly visible spur of the Mokattam Hilts of old Cairo, was the nerve center of Egypt for almost 700 years. Construction of the grand structure began in 1176 and was completed by Mohammad Ali Pasha, ruler of Egypt in the late 19th century. Memluk sultans and Turkish governors resided in the Citadel, which is among the world's most splendid monuments of medieval warfare.
Old Cairo
Old Cairo, the eldest district in the Egyptian capital, was settled as far back as the sixth century BC. In later centuries, Romans built the fortress Babylon in the area, remnants of which still exist. Later, Old Cairo became the center of Christianity in Egypt, with as many as 20 churches built within an area of one square mile. Only five of these historic churches remain today, nestled between many other ancient monuments that decorate the quarter.
The Great Pyramids and Sphinx
On the outskirts of Cairo, stands one of the seven wonders of the world: the great pyramids. Built around 4.500 years ago, the three towering pyramids are massive in size, constructed from around 2,300,000 blocks, weighing an average of two-and-a-half tons each. Within short walking distance of the pyramids is the great sphinx of Giza, built in 2620 BC in the likeness of the King of Egypt Chephran, (Khafre). The ancient monument- 187 feet long and 65 feet high is a human headed lion wearing a royal headdress, sitting in guard of the great pyramids.
Sakkara is one section of the great necropolis of Memphis, capital of the Old kingdom. Egyptian kings of the first and second dynasties are buried in Sakkara, located 12 miles southwest of Cairo. The famous step pyramid of King Zoser was the first pyramid to be erected in ancient Egypt, preceding those at Giza by many centuries.
This historic area was the capital of ancient Egypt during the first dynasty, founded in 3105 BC as the legendary city of Menes, the king who united Upper and Lower Egypt. In its early years of existence, Memphis was the fortress from which Menes reigned over the land and water routes connecting upper Egypt to the Delta.
Journey back into an ancient time, with the magnificent temples of Luxor and Karnak, the valley of the Kings and the Temple of Hatshepsut. Stroll along the cornice or visit the old bazaar quarter, take a ride in a horse-drawn carriage or explore the wonders of the temples.
Aswan is Egypt's sunniest city, with rain virtually never seen, with a slow and relaxing pace of life, Aswan is an ideal place to escape the rigors of Egypt. Explore the souq, full eastern promise. Selling scarves, baskets, jewellery. With the aroma of spices and perfumes filling the air, watch the spectacular sunsets on the Nile. Take a felucca trip to Lord Kitchener's Island or visit the quarry where the unfinished obelisk rests, still attached for the granite bedrock.
Situated on the western coast of the Red Sea, Hurghada has warm crystal clear waters and desert sands, is a haven for water sports enthusiasts and sun seekers. With an enviable climate, Hurghada, originally a fishing village has expanded to become an international resort.
Sharm El Sheikh
Located at the Sinai's most southern tip, Sharm El sheikh, with a backdrop of beautiful pink mountains, is a rapidly expanding cosmopolitan city, sample the local cuisine in the many bars and restaurants along the bay or visit the colorful banner. With a number of sight-seeing attractions this resort has something for everyone.
The city of Rashid played an important role in history and that's probably one of the reasons its name was Europeanized into "Rosetta" or "Rosette."
El-Fayoum lies 100 km (62 miles) southwest of Cairo. El-Fayoum, which is considered Egypt's largest oasis, is a depression basin of land that is extremely fertile.
El-Dakhla oasis lies 187 km (116 miles) northwest to Al-Kharga oasis and it is the farthest oasis from Cairo, albeit one of the most beautiful. This also lies in a naturally green depression in the Western desert.
This is the smallest oasis and the most isolated. The chief city is Qasr El-Farafra. The city has interesting hot springs and a humble museum owned by a local artist called Badr who shows part of his works along with artworks of the locals.
The Bahareyya oasis is 330 km (205 miles) south of Cairo. It is rich with wildlife and famous for its olives and palm dates in addition to other oasis crops. It lies in a natural desert depression but is now threatened by sand crawls.
Siwa Oasis is 300 km (186 miles) southwest of Marsa Matrouh. Permits for foreigners are no longer required as before, however very remote and off the beaten track excursions require special permission from tourist authorities.
Suez is the southern gateway to the Suez Canal. The city was almost ruined by Arab-Israeli wars and nowadays you can still see traces of this devastation.
Saint Catherine
Saint Catherine is a monastery that is set on a site believed to be the place where God delivered His Ten Commandments to Moses and the place of the burning bush.

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